We use cotton in many of our products, from sofas and cushions to bed linen and mattresses. It is a soft, durable and renewable fibre that breathes and is good at absorbing moisture.
All these great qualities make cotton one of our most important materials, but it isn’t without its challenges, much having to do with conventional farming methods that negatively impact the environment and poor working conditions for farmers.
With our size and production volumes, we want to drive change in the cotton industry. By only using recycled cotton or cotton from more sustainable sources, working with partnerships and initiatives on the ground and prioritising compliance, we believe that we can make a positive impact in the world of cotton.
It started with a few timid meetings. To size each other up and see where it could all lead to. A team from the successful animation studio DreamWorks came to Älmhult and, a few months later, a team from Children's IKEA went to Los Angeles. The Swedish team included Carin Wengelin, who recalls that the feeling already in the beginning felt spot on.
”We really matched each other well and felt that we shared the same values when it comes to children and the importance of play and creativity. But we are good at different things and here we had found a partner who is an expert at telling stories”.
Soon we were having hour-long video conferences where the time difference of 9 hours meant that morning-fresh creators in Los Angeles brainstormed with their new-found friends in an Älmhult which saw the sun going down.
”Despite the geographical distance, we worked very close together and there was a fantastic dynamic in the group”, recalls Joshua Hackbarth from the DreamWorks team.
The whole project was based on how storytelling is an important part of play and a way of developing one's imagination.
”We had previously developed a number of characters and a kind of embryo for stories in our LATTJO collection, but we needed help to liven them up and create an exciting world around them”, says Carin.
For the DreamWorks team, the cooperation meant a slightly different way of working compared to creating a 90-minute feature film. This involved producing a number of short animated films which developed the characters that Children's IKEA had already outlined.
”We were keen to make sure that what we created would be really rooted in the culture that IKEA comes from”, says Joshua. ”So we started to immerse ourselves in the Scandinavian culture and art history – and we looked at wildlife and nature”.
Characters like Ernst the Eagle, Victor the Vampire, Wiz the Wizard and many more were given clearer and more defined personalities, which evolved and changed during workshops and discussions. An overall message in the stories is that we should all have our own peculiarities. But sometimes it's also important to challenge oneself. Like in one animation where Ernst the Eagle, who's afraid of flying, happens to be high up in a tree, but with a new-found friend deals with the situation and kicks his fear.
When all the characters and environments were ready, DreamWorks started animating short films in Los Angeles while the designers in Älmhult developed new products. The mischievous Mu the Mummy, Victor the Vampire and other characters are now available as both cuddly soft toy friends and patterned bedlinens which can inspire children to come up with their own stories when trying to fall asleep at night. They also turn up in books with more adventures from the colourful world of LATTJO.
”We know, such as from our global 2015 survey called Play Report, that both adults and children want to spend more time with each other. To read fairytales is a good and cosy way to spend time together”, says Carin.
Storytelling is timeless and has been with humans throughout our history – long before DreamWorks created films such as Antz, Shrek and How to Train Your Dragon. So, what is so alluring with fairytales and stories?
”I think they can act like both a mirror and window”, reflects Joshua. ”Sometimes they are a mirror and reflect your own life and help you to understand it better. Other times they are a window to an exciting world to step into for awhile. We need both, and stories make us feel good”.
Since 2015, all cotton in IKEA products is either recycled or comes from more sustainable sources*. This means that we only source cotton grown using sustainable farming practices that reduce the use of fertilisers, pesticides and water, improve working conditions and earnings for farmers, and benefit ecosystem health and biodiversity conservation. We have set up a system that enables use to trace all our cotton and ensure that the final product is from approved, certified sources.
*Cotton from more sustainable sources commits to the following schemes: Better Cotton (as defined by BCI, including their equivalence in various geographies), cotton from farmers working towards the BCI standard (TBC).
Each year, IKEA uses around 0.5 percent of all cotton grown around the world. This may not seem like a lot, but the number is big enough to drive change in the industry.
For many years, we have been working with partners and stakeholders globally to transform conventional large-scale cotton farming and set social and environmental standards for cotton production. As an example, we helped set up the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) who runs the world’s largest cotton sustainability programme. BCI exists to make global cotton production better for the people who produce it, better for the environment it grows in and better for the sector’s future. Today, more than 110,000 farmers have adopted more sustainable farming practices within IKEA projects.
All IKEA products are produced in accordance with the IKEA IWAY Standard, our Supplier Code of Conduct. It sets out the minimum environmental and social standards expected from our suppliers, including compliance with local laws. We do not accept any form of forced labour, child labour or treatments in breach of our supply chain requirements.
Our cotton teams across the globe ensure that all cotton used in IKEA products meets the demands of compliance in our supply chain. By having teams on the ground in areas where it has previously been challenging to work responsibly, we can challenge the traditional ways of working and improve the industry.
If we discover that we are acting in places where we cannot ensure our requirements are being met, we follow-up on the ground and drive change.