The IKEA organisation
The IKEA founder, Ingvar Kamprad, started the IKEA business in the 1940s in the southern Swedish province of Småland. Over the following decades the IKEA business grew and expanded internationally.
To ensure the continued success of the IKEA Concept Ingvar Kamprad initiated the creation of an ownership structure and organisation in the 1980s that would safeguard its long-term independence.
The major part of the IKEA organisation was donated to a Dutch foundation and the right to the IKEA Concept remained with the Inter IKEA Systems group of companies. Inter IKEA Systems B.V. is the owner and worldwide franchisor of the IKEA Concept, and franchises the rights to operate IKEA retailing, within a defined geographical area and according to the IKEA Concept, to IKEA franchisees worldwide.
The vast majority of IKEA retailers belong to the largest IKEA franchisee, the IKEA Group. Other enterprises own a minor part of the IKEA retail operations. The IKEA Group will remain the largest owner of IKEA retail operations, but IKEA retailers outside the IKEA Group will continue to grow and are important for fulfilling the IKEA business idea — to increase the availability of IKEA products to the many people.
Inter IKEA Systems B.V. has commissioned IOS (IKEA of Sweden) to develop and procure the IKEA product range for all IKEA franchisees. IOS belongs to the IKEA Group.