ENERGY & RESOURCES

We’re creating positive changes

Forest with sun streaming in
For a long time we have been making more from less; it’s part of our heritage. We’re also busy turning waste into resources, sourcing food and materials in a responsible way and protecting natural resources. And because we want to become energy independent, we’re making the switch to renewable energy.
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
CLIMATE & ENERGY
To change everything, we need everyone
Tackling what has now become one of humanity’s biggest challenges is something we can all commit to – making sure that our children and their children will have a safe and prosperous future on this planet.
Get a brief history of climate change and learn what we all can do to take action.
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 a blue background with a row of four wind turbines and white text
Support a 100 %
clean energy future
Sign the petition on momentforaction.org/100percent
We’ve gone all in with LED
Did you know LED uses 85% less energy than incandescent bulbs and last up to 20 years?
Did you know
LED uses up to
85% less energy
than incandescent bulbs and last up to 20 years?
Forest with sun streaming in
For a long time we have been making more from less; it’s part of our heritage. We’re also busy turning waste into resources, sourcing food and materials in a responsible way and protecting natural resources. And because we want to become energy independent, we’re making the switch to renewable energy.
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
CLIMATE & ENERGY
Becoming energy independent
We want to have a positive impact on the environment, which is why by 2020 we’re going to be 100% renewable – producing as much renewable energy as we consume using renewable sources, such as the wind and sun. We’re also making our buildings more efficient, so we need less energy to run them.
Men installing solar panels on an IKEA store
We’ve installed more than 300,000 solar panels on IKEA buildings around the world.
Bird’s eye view of an IKEA store with solar panels
We plan to become energy independent
We’re already on our way by investing in energy efficiency and renewable energy generation.
A wind farm
How we’ll reach our goal
We have committed €1.5 billion to invest up until 2015 (mainly in wind and solar power) to help us reach our goal of energy independence.
OUR GOAL
By the end of 2020 we will produce as much renewable energy as we consume
A road less travelled
We sell millions of products around the world every day, so we need to get them from our suppliers to our stores and customers in the most efficient way. Our products are designed to be easy to transport (thank you flatpack!) and we are continuously working on reducing the number of journeys and making vehicles as fuel efficient as possible.

More than half our products are sent directly from where they are made to stores (rather than via a distribution centre), reducing distances travelled. And we fit as many products on each load as possible. All this helps to keep our costs and prices low while protecting the environment. Since 2011, we have cut CO2 emissions per cubic metre of products transported by 13% and we are aiming for 20% by 2016.
IKEA store employee moving products stacked on a paper pallet
Switching from wood to paper pallets reduced our footprint of transporting IKEA products by 75,000 tonnes of CO2 per year.
VIDJA lamp
Going back to simple
We’re always looking for ways to improve products. For example, we redesigned our VIDJA lamp, making it easier to assemble by eliminating 24 of the 33 components. This reduced the packaging weight by 28% and because there’s less volume, we can fit 128 lamps on a pallet, where there were previously only 80 lamps. See the VIDJA table lamp
EKTORP sofa
Thinking outside the box
Sometimes when we think a product can’t be improved we decide to try anyway. One of our product designers found a way to pack the EKTORP sofa flatter and make the shipping box almost half the size. This cut down on shipping costs, lowered our CO2 emissions and lowered the price – with no change in quality! See the EKTORP sofa range
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
Wood
We’re big fans of wood
We love wood because it’s durable, renewable and recyclable. As one of the largest users of wood in the retail sector, we always look for ways to use it wisely. Watch our films to learn about the work we do to protect and conserve this precious resource.
Download the overview of how we are becoming Forest Positive 2020
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Becoming Forest Positive
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Listen to Steve Howard, Chief Sustainability Officer at IKEA Group discuss the goal of becoming ”forest positive” by 2020.
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See how forestry specialist Egle Petrylaite works closely with our suppliers to make sure wood is sourced responsibly.
Four people in the woods going through an IWAY quality checklist
Clear standards for responsible forestry
Our IWAY Forestry Standard sets clear requirements for all wood used in IKEA products. This includes a ban on wood that has been illegally harvested from sources involved in forest-related social conflicts, or from High Conservation Value Forests. All suppliers must comply with the standard before they can start deliveries. We improve our relationships with suppliers with certification audits to check compliance.
 WWF Map that shows IKEA & WWF collaborations in Lithuania, Ukraine, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Romania, Bulgaria, Russia, China and Laos
Lithuania
Ukraine
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Romania
Bulgaria
Russia
China
Laos
Vietnam
Cambodia
Certifying forests together with WWF
We work with WWF and others to combat illegal logging and promote responsible timber trade. IKEA and WWF have worked together since 2002 to support credible forest certification. The work includes mapping and protecting High Conservation Value Forests to secure biological and social forest values. So far, we have helped to improve forest management in Europe and Asia, and contributed to increasing FSC® certified forest areas by around 35 million hectares (about the size of Germany) in the countries where we work together. Visit the WWF site to learn more about our partnership
Making things right when things go wrong
Several years ago we discovered tropical hardwood fibres in some of our paper products. This is not in line with our standards. After a full investigation, we improved our internal procedures to make sure this couldn’t happen again.
Preventing the use of illegally logged walnut
Our forestry experts detected illegal logging of walnut in China about five years ago. So, we stopped using this wood in our products. As a result, the MOLGER bathroom series is now made of birch from certified forests.
Learn more about how we work with forestry
In addition to suppliers meeting our IWAY Forestry Standard, the volume of wood from more sustainable sources – recycled wood and wood from forests certified by the FSC® – increased to 61% in 2016. We are aiming for 100% by 2020. Visit the FSC® website to learn more about this effort
Download The IWAY Forestry and Forest Stewardship Council® Standards
 FSC certification
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
COTTON
We´re all-in for cotton from
more sustainable sources
Since Sep 1 2015, all the cotton we use for IKEA products comes from more sustainable sources. This means that the cotton is either recycled, or grown with less water, chemical fertiliser and pesticide, while increasing profit margins for farmers.
We’re proud about our progress, but our journey to improve the cotton industry doesn’t end here. Through projects in our sourcing countries, we aim to further improve farmers’ profitability and reduce the environmental impact of cotton farming. By sharing our experiences with the wider industry, our long-term goal is to transform the entire cotton market.
Cotton farmer, standing in a cotton field, carrying cotton balls on his head.
A baby wrapped in a white/beige baby towel with a hood, sitting in her mothers knee.
Why more sustainable cotton matters
Cotton is one of our most important raw materials. You’ll find it in many IKEA products, from sofas and cushions to bed sheets and mattresses. Although we love working with cotton, we were uncomfortable with the fact that growing cotton in the conventional way is often harmful to the environment and the people involved.
When grown conventionally, cotton farming uses large amounts of chemicals and water. This practice often leads to significant health risks to farmers, soil erosion and water scarcity. It also leads to higher costs, and since most cotton is grown on small farms in developing countries, many farmers struggle to make a profit.
So, we decided to find a way to tackle these challenges and made a commitment to improve the cotton industry.
Taking action to transform the cotton industry
Over a decade ago, IKEA began taking steps to transform the way cotton is produced. Along with WWF and others, we helped set up the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI), which aims to make global cotton production better for the people who produce it, better for the environment it grows in and better for the sector’s future by developing Better Cotton as a sustainable mainstream commodity.
Since 2005, we have been working with WWF to make cotton farming more sustainable. Our work began with 500 farmers in Pakistan. In the beginning, they were reluctant about the idea of changing their cultivation techniques. However, after one year, the results were significant enough to inspire more farmers to join our projects in India and Pakistan.
Through hands-on training and field schools, together with our partners, we have helped around 110,000 farmers learn more sustainable farming methods. This initiative has enabled farmers to cut costs, increase their profits, and improve their working conditions. As a result, they can afford a better quality of life for their families, including schooling for their children. We are continuing our work in this field and are hoping to see an industry-wide change in the future.
Find out more about how we work with our code of conduct IWAY to secure e.g working conditions and minimum requirements for environment at our suppliers.
Cotton farmers kneeling down in a cotton field inspecting the soil.
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Making a lasting impact
We’re pleased to have reached our 100% target, but we won’t stop there. IKEA is committed to creating positive change throughout the entire cotton industry. Our vision is that more sustainable cotton becomes a mainstream material - affordable and accessible to many people beyond our business. We are pleased to have reached this milestone, but we’re not stopping there. One of our main focus areas now is water.
Of the total cotton we use in IKEA products, 18% is recycled cotton, 69% Better Cotton and the remaining “towards better cotton” (on its way to become Better Cotton), and other more sustainable cotton. In 2016, we used more than 131 000 MT of cotton.
Cotton from more sustainable sources
Of the total cotton we use in IKEA products, 18% is recycled cotton. The remaining 82% comes from these sources: Better Cotton: 69%, towards better cotton*, and other more sustainable cotton, such as the E3 program in the US: 13%.
In calendar year 2016, we used more than 131 000 MT of cotton.
* Towards better cotton is a standard developed by IKEA following the same principles and criteria as Better Cotton, on its way to become Better Cotton.
IKEA is committed to using water as efficiently as possible. Based on the WWF’s water stewardship model, we are reducing the impact of our own operations and our suppliers’ operation, supporting sustainable water management, cotton production included.
Becoming water positive
We at IKEA are committed to being water positive, using it as efficiently as possible and promoting water stewardship throughout and beyond our own sphere of operations and on into the wider world. Based on the WWF’s water stewardship model, we are working to reduce the impact of our own operations and our suppliers’ operation, supporting sustainable water management in river basins and increasing people’s access to clean water. And our work to become water positive focuses on cotton, because cotton is one of the most high-impact crops when it comes to water. We provide farmers with training on better water management practices, and establish community-based Water User Associations. This means farmers grow with less water, so more water can be diverted to other uses.
Learn more about how we work with cotton and our partnerships
Since Sep 1, 2015, all the cotton we use for IKEA products comes from more sustainable sources. This means that the cotton is grown with less water, chemical fertiliser and pesticide, while increasing profit margins for farmers.
Reports & Downloads
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
Clean, fresh water pouring over hands
WATER
Treating water with respect
Water is essential for life – but clean, fresh water is something of a luxury in some parts of the world. That is why water, both when it comes to quantity and quality, is an important issue for us and our suppliers. We work with others to contribute to improved water management in water stressed areas where we operate – to ensure that there is enough clean water for ecosystems, people and communities.
Working together to save water and energy in India
For some factories in Southern India, the only way to get enough water is by trucking it 50 km. Outdated machinery and a polluted water supply often make production even less energy and water efficient. Jansons, a textiles supplier based in Erode, southern India, was inspired by the IKEA People & Planet Positive strategy and started a partnership project to tackle the problem. Measures taken included a system to recycle wastewater for printing, a new dyeing process that uses less water and ensuring motors are only running when needed.

“Our processing factory is in an area of water and energy scarcity, which was a nightmare for us,” says Mr Thirukumar, Managing Director of Jansons Industries. “With support from IKEA, we saw the difference the project was making and we were motivated to look for more opportunities. With the commitment of our employees, so far we have saved over 285 MWh of energy, and 69 million litres of water.”
Water treatment facility at an IKEA supplier factory in Bangladesh
Water
Thinking ahead: how to save water for the future
Over 23 million people in Bangladesh don’t have safe drinking water.

“I don’t want my children and grandchildren to be part of that statistic. I want to make sure my company doesn’t do anything that leaves future generations in trouble,” says Shah S Alam, managing director of Unilliance, an IKEA textiles supplier based in Bangladesh. He’s played an important role in the water projects IKEA has initiated at the company, and he’s pushing Unilliance to take part in even more ambitious projects to save water.
“When we started working with IKEA, we already had an effluent treatment plant to remove pollutants from our waste water before it returned to the environment. But IKEA suggested that we think of ways to reduce and reuse this waste water.

“For example, after some simple changes we now use waste water to cool our machinery. This saves us around 100 m3 of water every day – enough to fill 15 Olympic swimming pools a year!”

“In five to 10 years the laws in Bangladesh will change – everyone will have to reuse their waste water. Working with IKEA has put us ahead of the crowd, and our customers are noticing the difference,” he says.
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
We strive for zero waste to landfill wherever possible in our store and other IKEA operations.
A recycling waste station in an IKEA store
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
FOOD
Food you can feel good about
We serve and sell food to 261 million customers a year through our store restaurants and Swedish Food Markets. Our approach includes using more sustainable and organic ingredients – which includes purchasing ingredients that have been certified to recognised standards and applying animal welfare standards.
A UTZ-certified farmer checks a coffee plant
All coffee sold and served at IKEA has been UTZ Certified since 2008.
WE ARE COMMITTED TO SOURCING FOOD IN A RESPONSIBLE WAY
The new IKEA children’s organic menu items
More organic choices than ever
We always provide one organic menu option in our restaurants, including a new children’s organic meal.
A bag of UTZ certified coffee beans
Proudly serving UTZ Certified foods
UTZ Certified is an independent organisation that recognises coffee, tea and chocolate that have been grown sustainably, and is one of the leading sustainability standards for these foods. Learn more at the UTZ website
Fresh salmon on a bed of ice
Responsibly sourced seafood
All wild-caught seafood must come from MSC (Marine Stewardship Council) certified fisheries or appear in the WWF Seafood Guide as species that come from healthy and well-managed populations. Visit the WWF website to download a Seafood Guide
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