ENERGY & RESOURCES

We’re creating positive changes

A close-up of hands picking cotton.
For a long time we have been making more from less; it’s part of our heritage. We’re also busy turning waste into resources, sourcing food and materials in a responsible way and protecting natural resources. And because we want to become energy independent, we’re making the switch to renewable energy. Download the 2016 IKEA Sustainability Report PDF
ENERGY & RESOURCES : CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
CLIMATE & ENERGY
To change everything, we need everyone
Tackling what has now become one of humanity’s biggest challenges is something we can all commit to – making sure that our children and their children will have a safe and prosperous future on this planet.

We’re “walking the walk” by investing in renewable energy that will exceed our company needs worldwide by 2020. We’ve also installed electric vehicle charge points at all IKEA Canada stores, and converted our entire lighting range to energy-efficient LEDs.

Get a brief history of climate change and learn what we all can do to take action.
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€2 Billion to tackle climate change
Urgent action is needed to tackle climate change. Since 2009, the IKEA Group has invested over EUR 2 billion in renewable energy and has committed an additional EUR 600 million for investments in wind and solar.

We have committed to energy independence worldwide by 2020 – to produce more renewable energy than the energy we consume at our operations.

We are proud of what we have already accomplished in Canada. We’re producing approximately four times the renewable energy that we use in our daily operations through rooftop solar, wind, and geothermal energy sources. Our Oldman 2 and Wintering Hills wind farms in Alberta alone produce over 130 MW, enough to power approximately 86 IKEA Stores or 41,000 homes.
Construction on the arn of the windmill with sunset in background
Did you know IKEA Canada owns two wind farms in Alberta that together generate renewable energy equivalent to four times our total consumption?
Winds of change blow in Canada:
Acquired in 2013, this wind farm is located in Pincher Creek, Alberta. Its 20 turbines provide generation capacity of 46 MW, enough to power 32 IKEA stores or 15 000 Canadian homes.
Oldman 2 - Wind farm
Wintering Hills - Wind farm
IKEA Canada's second wind farm was acquired in 2017. Located near Drumheller, Alberta, the project features 55 turbines with a generation capacity of 88 MW. It generates enough electricity to power 54 IKEA stores or 26,000 Canadian homes.
Windmill farms in Alberta
Did you know IKEA Group will produce as much renewable energy as it consumes in its buildings by 2020?
Did you know
IKEA Group will produce as much renewable energy as it consumes in its buildings by 2020?
€600 million investment
in wind and solar
The new commitment builds on the €1.5 billion invested in wind and solar since 2009 in 314 offsite wind turbines and 700,000 solar panels on IKEA buildings.
€400 million investment
in people and communities
The IKEA Foundation’s funding commitment will strengthen poor communities’ resilience to climate change and help them adopt renewable energy technologies in their homes, schools, communities and businesses.
We’ve gone all in with LED
Did you know LED uses 85% less energy than incandescent bulbs and last up to 20 years?
Did you know LED uses 85% less energy than incandescent bulbs and last up to 20 years?
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
Wood
We’re big fans of wood
We love wood because it’s durable, renewable and recyclable. As one of the largest users of wood in the retail sector, we always look for ways to use it wisely. Watch our films to learn about the work we do to protect and conserve this precious resource.
Download the overview of how we are becoming Forest Positive 2020
Becoming Forest Positive
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Listen to Steve Howard, Chief Sustainability Officer at IKEA Group discuss the goal of becoming ”forest positive” by 2020
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See how forestry specialist Egle Petrylaite works closely with our suppliers to make sure wood is sourced responsibly
Four people in the woods going through IWAY quality checklist
Clear standards for responsible forestry
Our IWAY Forestry Standard sets clear requirements for all wood used in IKEA products. This includes a ban on wood that has been illegally harvested from sources involved in forest-related social conflicts, or from High Conservation Value Forests. All suppliers must comply with the standard before they can start deliveries. We improve our relationships with suppliers with certification audits to check compliance. Download our IWAY Forestry Standard to learn more
 WWF Map that shows IKEA & WWF collaborations in Lithuania, Ukraine, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Romania, Bulgaria, Russia, China, Laos
Lithuania
Ukraine
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Romania
Bulgaria
Russia
China
Laos
Vietnam
Cambodia
Certifying forests together with WWF
We work with WWF and others to combat illegal logging and promote responsible timber trade. IKEA and WWF have worked together since 2002 to support credible forest certification. The work includes mapping and protecting High Conservation Value Forests to secure biological and social forest values. So far, we have helped to improve forest management in Europe and Asia, and contributed to increasing FSC® certified forest areas by around 35 million hectares (about the size of Italy) in the countries where we work together. Visit the WWF site to learn more about our partnership
Making things right when things go wrong
Several years ago we discovered tropical hardwood fibres in some of our paper products. This is not in line with our standards. After a full investigation, we improved our internal procedures to make sure this couldn’t happen again.
Preventing the use of illegally logged walnut
Our forestry experts detected illegal logging of walnut in China about five years ago. So, we stopped using this wood in our products. As a result, the MOLGER bathroom series is now made of birch from certified forests.
Learn more about how we work with forestry
In addition to suppliers meeting our IWAY Forestry Standard, the volume of wood from more sustainable sources – recycled wood and wood from forests certified by the FSC® – increased to 61% in 2016. We are aiming for 100% by 2020. Visit the FSC® website to learn more about this effort
Download The IWAY Forestry and Forest Stewardship Council® StandardsDownload the Sustainability Strategy, People & Planet Positive
 FSC certification
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
COTTON
We're all-in for cotton from
more sustainable sources
Since Sep 1 2015, all the cotton we use for IKEA products comes from more sustainable sources. This means that the cotton is either recycled, or grown with less water, chemical fertilizer and pesticide, while increasing profit margins for farmers.
We’re proud about our progress, but our journey to improve the cotton industry doesn’t end here. Through projects in our sourcing countries, we aim to further improve farmers’ profitability and reduce the environmental impact of cotton farming. By sharing our experiences with the wider industry, our long-term goal is to transform the entire cotton market.
Cotton farmer, standing in a cotton field, carrying cotton balls on his head.
A baby wrapped in a white/beige baby towel with a hood, sitting in her mothers knee.
Why more sustainable cotton matters
Cotton is one of our most important raw materials. You’ll find it in many IKEA products, from sofas and cushions to bed sheets and mattresses. Although we love working with cotton, we were uncomfortable with the fact that growing cotton in the conventional way is often harmful to the environment and the people involved.
When grown conventionally, cotton farming uses large amounts of chemicals and water. This practice often leads to significant health risks to farmers, soil erosion and water scarcity. It also leads to higher costs, and since most cotton is grown on small farms in developing countries, many farmers struggle to make a profit.
So, we decided to find a way to tackle these challenges and made a commitment to improve the cotton industry.
Taking action to transform the cotton industry
Over a decade ago, IKEA began taking steps to transform the way cotton is produced. Along with WWF and others, we helped set up the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI), which aims to make global cotton production better for the people who produce it, better for the environment it grows in and better for the sector’s future by developing Better Cotton as a sustainable mainstream commodity.
Since 2005, we have been working with WWF to make cotton farming more sustainable. Our work began with 500 farmers in Pakistan. In the beginning they were reluctant about the idea of changing their cultivation techniques. However after one year, the results were significant enough to inspire more farmers to join our projects in India and Pakistan.
Through hands-on training and field schools, together with our partners we’ve helped around 110,000 farmers learn more sustainable farming methods. This initiative has allowed farmers to cut costs, increase their profits and improve their working conditions. As a result, they can afford a better quality of life for their families, including schooling for their children.

Visit the BCI website to learn more
Cotton farmers kneeling down in a cotton field inspecting the soil.
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Learn more about IKEA and WWF cotton projects
Making a lasting impact
We’re pleased to have reached our 100% target, but we won’t stop there. IKEA is committed to creating positive change throughout the entire cotton industry. Today, 72% of our total cotton supply is from Better Cotton and 20% is recycled cotton. Our vision is that more sustainable cotton becomes a mainstream material - affordable and accessible to many people beyond our business.
Cotton from more sustainable sources
Cotton from more sustainable sources
Of the total cotton we use in IKEA products, 20% is recycled cotton. The remaining 80% comes from these sources:
Better Cotton: 72%
Towards Better cotton*: 23%
Other more sustainable cotton, such as the E3 program in the US: 5%
*Towards Better cotton is a standard developed by IKEA following the same principles and criteria as Better Cotton, on its way to become Better Cotton.
Learn more about how we work with cotton and our partnerships
Since Sep 1, 2015, all the cotton we use for IKEA products comes from more sustainable sources. This means that the cotton is grown with less water, chemical fertilizer and pesticide, while increasing profit margins for farmers.
Reports & Downloads
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
Clean, fresh water pouring over hands
WATER
Treating water with respect
Water is necessary for life – but clean, fresh water is something of a luxury in some parts of the world. That is why water, both when it comes to quantity and quality, is an important issue for us and our suppliers. By August 2020, we aim to become water positive by promoting water stewardship throughout our value chain. By working with others, we will contribute to improved water management in water stressed areas where we operate, focusing on both water use and water quality.
Working together to save water and energy in India
For some factories in Southern India, the only way to get enough water is by trucking it 50 km. Outdated machinery and a polluted water supply often make production even less energy and water efficient. Jansons, a textiles supplier based in Erode, southern India, was inspired by the IKEA People & Planet Positive strategy and started a partnership project to tackle the problem. Measures taken included a system to recycle wastewater for printing, a new dyeing process that uses less water and ensuring motors are only running when needed.

“Our processing factory is in an area of water and energy scarcity, which was a nightmare for us,” says Mr Thirukumar, Managing Director of Jansons Industries. “With support from IKEA, we saw the difference the project was making and we were motivated to look for more opportunities. With the commitment of our employees, so far we have saved over 285 MWh of energy, and 69 million litres of water.”
Water treatment facility at an IKEA supplier factory in Bangladesh
Water pumped into a water treatment facility in Bangladesh.
Thinking ahead: how to save water for the future
Over 23 million people in Bangladesh don’t have safe drinking water.

“I don’t want my children and grandchildren to be part of that statistic. I want to make sure my company doesn’t do anything that leaves future generations in trouble,” says Shah S Alam, managing director of Unilliance, an IKEA textiles supplier based in Bangladesh. He’s played an important role in the water projects IKEA has initiated at the company, and he’s pushing Unilliance to take part in even more ambitious projects to save water.
“When we started working with IKEA, we already had an effluent treatment plant to remove pollutants from our waste water before it returned to the environment. But IKEA suggested that we think of ways to reduce and reuse this waste water.

“For example, after some simple changes we now use waste water to cool our machinery. This saves us around 100 m3 of water every day – enough to fill 15 Olympic swimming pools a year!”

“In five to 10 years the laws in Bangladesh will change – everyone will have to reuse their waste water. Working with IKEA has put us ahead of the crowd, and our customers are noticing the difference,” he says.
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
WASTE
Keeping waste out of our landfills
By sorting our various waste streams diligently for reuse, recycling, and energy recovery, IKEA Canada continues to work towards its long-term goal of zero waste to landfill. In 2016, we diverted over 85% of our waste away from landfill and continue to develop programs to increase this number. You can help IKEA meet these goals by doing your part to put wastes in the right bins, and together we can make a difference!
We strive for zero waste to landfill wherever possible in our store and other IKEA operations.
A recycling waste station in an IKEA store
In-store recycling station
Giving cardboard & paper another life
Do you know what happens to the cardboard and paper that IKEA Canada recycles? All of the recycled fibre is used to make the napkins, paper towels and bathroom tissue that are found in our stores, which are 100% recycled content! That's one way we're getting more out of our natural resources.

Learn more about the environmental benefits
Customer recycling station at an IKEA store
DID YOU KNOW?
In 2016, 89% of waste was recycled or energy recovered across our operations worldwide
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
FOOD
Food you can feel good about
We want to offer food that’s delicious, sustainable, and nutritionally balanced. That’s why we include a variety of more sustainable and organic options at our IKEA Restaurants and Swedish Food Markets. We’re always carefully selecting ingredients that have been certified to meet standards of environmental and social responsibility, while also adding new products to our range that are better for you.
Enjoy a serving of veggies
Our veggie balls are packed with fresh ingredients, such as chickpeas, green peas, carrots, bell peppers, corn, and kale. This is a nutritious meal that is full of protein and nutrients. Plus, veggie balls come with a lower carbon footprint. All in all, they’re a delicious alternative to our iconic meatballs.
IKEA veggie balls in a cast iron pan surrounded by an onion, a carrot and greenery.
We are committed to sourcing food in a responsible way.
We are committed to sourcing food in a responsible way
Close up of the head and tail of salmon on a bed of ice.
Responsibly sourced salmon
Healthy and tasty fish make for healthy and happy customers. That’s why IKEA was part of a dialogue with global environmental experts to develop responsible salmon farming standards that are better for the fish and for the environment. All IKEA salmon comes from Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) certified farms.
Fish and shrimp on a bed of ice.
Offering you tasty, more sustainable seafood
All wild-caught fish and shrimps served and sold at IKEA come from fisheries which are independently certified to Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) standards. When you enjoy MSC certified seafood, you can be sure you are supporting sustainable fishing and protecting seafood supplies for generations to come.
Raw Swedish lingonberries in a bowl.
We’ve picked some great organic options for you
You’ll be able to find some organic food options in our Swedish Food Market. We also have an organic pasta available in our restaurant, which also comes in a kids meal.
A close up image of coffee beans in a ceramic bowl surrounded by leaves.
Coffee that’s good right from the source
All the coffee that we sell in our Swedish Food Market is produced in an environmentally and socially responsible way. It’s UTZ Certified, which means it meets strict, independent requirements to ensure sustainable farming standards and fair conditions for workers. You can even trace the origin of the coffee you buy at utzcertified.org/ikea.
A close up image of cocoa beans in a black bowl surrounded by leaves.
Chocolate you can feel good about eating
The cocoa in IKEA labelled chocolate bars meets strict, independent requirements to ensure sustainable farming standards and fair conditions for workers. Just look for the UTZ Certified label in our Swedish Food Market. To trace the origin of the cocoa in your UTZ certified chocolate bar, visit utzcertified.org/ikea.
A close up image of a bag of food waste, used for composting or biogas.
Nothing goes to waste
We’re working towards a big goal: to send zero food waste to landfills. This is just one of the ways we try to reduce our impact on the environment. So, where does all our food waste go? It is processed on-site using an aerobic digestion system, eliminating the need to transport the material to processing facilities, which in turn reduces our emissions.
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