ENERGY & RESOURCES

We’re creating positive changes

Forest with sun streaming in
For a long time we have been making more from less; it’s part of our heritage. We’re also busy turning waste into resources, sourcing food and materials in a responsible way and protecting natural resources. And because we want to become energy independent, we’re making the switch to renewable energy. Download the 2014 IKEA Sustainability Report PDF
ENERGY & RESOURCES : CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
CLIMATE & ENERGY
Becoming energy independent
We want to have a positive impact on the environment, and be part of the solution to climate change, which is why by 2020 we’re going to be 100% renewable – producing as much renewable energy as we consume using renewable sources, such as the wind and sun. We’re also making our buildings more efficient, so we need less energy to run them.
Men installing solar panels on an IKEA store.
We’ve installed more than 700,000 solar panels on IKEA buildings around the world.
Bird’s eye view of an IKEA store with solar panels.
We plan to become energy independent
We’re already on our way by investing in energy efficiency and renewable energy generation.
A wind farm.
How we’ll reach our goal
We have committed €1.5 billion to invest up until 2015 (mainly in wind and solar power) to help us reach our goal of energy independence.
OUR GOAL
By the end of 2020 we will produce as much renewable energy as we consume
Wind farm
Winds of change blow in Alberta
IKEA Canada has purchased a 20-turbine wind farm in Southern Alberta which, when completed, is expected to produce almost triple the electricity consumed by IKEA across the country. That’s enough to power about 13,500 Canadian households! This is another big step towards IKEA’s goal to produce more renewable energy than the energy we consume worldwide by 2020.

Sustainability news
Learn more
Etobicoke solar panels
Harnessing the sun
IKEA Canada has outfitted three of our Ontario rooftops with solar panels – 3,790 panels to be exact. These installations generate about 1,000,000 kWh of renewable energy every year, which is enough to power about 100 homes. This is only the beginning. As of 2010, a third of our stores’ hot water is heated by the sun’s rays. These initiatives help us move toward our goal of producing more renewable energy than we consume by 2020.

See in real-time how much energy our solar panels are producing.
New stores
A new wave of more sustainable stores
Our four newest stores and expansions in Richmond, Winnipeg, Ottawa and Montréal are built to be 40% more energy and resource efficient than the previous stores built in the early 2000s, featuring building automation systems for energy management and improved waste sorting infrastructure. The Richmond, Winnipeg, and Montréal stores all feature geothermal installations, with Richmond also using rainwater harvesting technology. The Richmond store’s tall IKEA navigation sign is solar powered, too!
A road less travelled
We sell millions of products around the world every day, so we need to get them from our suppliers to our stores and customers in the most efficient way. Our products are designed to be easy to transport (thank you flatpack!) and we are continuously working on reducing the number of journeys and making vehicles as fuel efficient as possible.
More than half our products are sent directly from where they are made to stores (rather than via a distribution centre), reducing distances travelled. And we fit as many products on each load as possible. All this helps to keep our costs and prices low while protecting the environment. Since 2011, we have cut CO2 emissions per cubic metre of products transported by 13% and we are aiming for 20% by 2016.
IKEA store employee moving products stacked on a paper pallet
Switching from wood to paper pallets reduced our footprint of transporting IKEA products by 75,000 tonnes of CO2 per year.
VIDJA lamp
Going back to simple
We’re always looking for ways to improve products. For example, we redesigned our VIDJA lamp, making it easier to assemble by eliminating 24 of the 33 components. This reduced the packaging weight by 28% and because there’s less volume, we can now fit 128 lamps on a pallet, where there were previously only 80 lamps.

VIDJA table lamp
EKTORP sofa
Thinking outside the box
Sometimes when we think a product can’t be improved we decide to try anyway. One of our product designers found a way to pack the EKTORP sofa flatter and make the shipping box almost half the size! This cut down on shipping costs, lowered our CO2 emissions and lowered the price – with no change in quality!

EKTORP sofa range
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
A room filled with IKEA products made from wood
WOOD
Naturally beautiful
We’re big fans of wood. It’s a living material that lends durability and warmth, it ages beautifully and is both renewable and recyclable. That’s why we’re working hard to protect and conserve this important natural resource.
Using wood resources wisely
Wood is one of our most important materials and it’s used in many of our products. We continually look for ways to get the most out of the wood we use by designing our products to minimize the amount of material needed and increasing the efficiency of manufacturing.
For many years, we have worked with others to increase the supply of wood from responsibly managed forests. We are one of the founding members of the Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC). We now have 21 foresters working to ensure that all wood is sourced in compliance with our forestry standards and to increase the share of certified wood in our supply chain.
Our top five wood-sourcing countries are Poland, Lithuania, Sweden, Germany and Russia.
Before August 2020, we will become “Forest Positive” meaning we will have continued full compliance with our forestry requirements and promote the adoption of sustainable forestry methods beyond our own needs and across the industry. We will also contribute to ending deforestation.
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Tai Wen works as a forestry specialist for IKEA to ensure that wood in China is sourced in a responsible way.
Forestry specialist measuring growth
Working with forestry standards
Our IWAY Forestry Standard sets clear requirements for all wood used in IKEA products - which include a ban on wood that has been illegally harvested - from sources involved in forest-related social conflicts, or from high conservation value forests. All suppliers must comply with the standard before they can start deliveries and we use audits to check compliance.

IWAY Forestry Standard PDF
IKEA hangers made from wood
Using wood from more sustainable sources
In addition to suppliers meeting our IWAY Forestry Standard, the volume of wood from more sustainable sources - recycled wood and wood from forests certified by the FSC - increased from 32% in 2013 to 41% in 2014. We are aiming for 50% by 2017.

Visit the FSC website to learn more
Our partnership with WWF
We work with WWF and others to combat illegal logging and promote responsible timber trade. IKEA and WWF have worked together since 2002 to support credible forest certification, and map and protect High Conservation Value Forests to secure biological and social forest values. So far, we have helped to improve forest management in Europe and Asia while contributing to increasing FSC-certified forest areas by around 35 million hectares in the countries where we work together.

Visit the WWF website to learn more about our partnership
We support 13 WWF projects in 11 countries that aim for more responsible forest management.
A map of the world showing the 13 WWF projects that IKEA supports in 11 countries
Laos
Vietnam
Cambodia
Russia
China
Ukraine
Lithuania
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Romania
Bulgaria
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
A cotton grower holding Better Cotton
COTTON
One of our favourite materials
Cotton is a natural, renewable material that’s used in some of our most-loved products – from sofas and cushions to bed sheets and lampshades. We’re working hard to make cotton farming better for people and the planet.
What’s better about Better Cotton?
We love working with cotton because it’s soft, breathable and renewable. But conventional cotton farming is often harmful for the environment and for the people who grow it. That’s why we work with farmers to raise standards, and strictly prohibit child labour in our supply chain. We also partner with organizations, like the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) and WWF, so we can adopt a holistic approach to the complex sustainability issues surrounding cotton production. By the end of 2015, our target is that all cotton used will be from more sustainable sources, produced in line with the BCI, cotton grown to other sustainability standards in the USA and cotton from farmers working towards the Better Cotton Initiative standards.

Visit the BCI website to learn more
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See how we’re working with farmers, the BCI and WWF to help transform the cotton industry.
Sundar Borude, a cotton activist, teaches how to sustainably grow cotton
Meet a successful cotton farmer
Sundar Borude in the central Indian state of Maharashtra has become a “master trainer” and advocate for joint IKEA and WWF cotton projects that promote better cultivation practices. He teaches his neighbors the same simple measures – like using less chemicals and water – that have made his farm more profitable.

Visit the WWF website to learn about our partnership
FÄRGLAV, a duvet cover made from a blend of cotton and lyocell
Finding alternatives to cotton
While cotton remains one of our most-used materials to work with, we’re constantly looking for alternative renewable materials. Our FÄRGLAV duvet cover blends cotton and lyocell, a soft, breathable textile fibre that comes from trees.

FÄRGLAV duvet cover
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
Clean, fresh water pouring over hands
WATER
Treating water with respect
Water is necessary for life – but clean, fresh water is something of a luxury in some parts of the world. That is why water, both when it comes to quantity and quality, is an important issue for us and our suppliers. By August 2020, we aim to become water positive by promoting water stewardship throughout our value chain. By working with others, we will contribute to improved water management in water stressed areas where we operate, focusing on both water use and water quality.
Working together to save water and energy in India
For some factories in Southern India, the only way to get enough water is by trucking it 50 km. Outdated machinery and a polluted water supply often make production even less energy and water efficient. Jansons, a textiles supplier based in Erode, southern India, was inspired by the IKEA People & Planet Positive strategy and started a partnership project to tackle the problem. Measures taken included a system to recycle wastewater for printing, a new dyeing process that uses less water and ensuring motors are only running when needed.

“Our processing factory is in an area of water and energy scarcity, which was a nightmare for us,” says Mr Thirukumar, Managing Director of Jansons Industries. “With support from IKEA, we saw the difference the project was making and we were motivated to look for more opportunities. With the commitment of our employees, so far we have saved over 285 MWh of energy, and 69 million litres of water.”
Water treatment facility at an IKEA supplier factory in Bangladesh
Water pumped into a water treatment facility in Bangladesh.
Thinking ahead: how to save water for the future
Over 23 million people in Bangladesh don’t have safe drinking water.

“I don’t want my children and grandchildren to be part of that statistic. I want to make sure my company doesn’t do anything that leaves future generations in trouble,” says Shah S Alam, managing director of Unilliance, an IKEA textiles supplier based in Bangladesh. He’s played an important role in the water projects IKEA has initiated at the company, and he’s pushing Unilliance to take part in even more ambitious projects to save water.
“When we started working with IKEA, we already had an effluent treatment plant to remove pollutants from our waste water before it returned to the environment. But IKEA suggested that we think of ways to reduce and reuse this waste water.

“For example, after some simple changes we now use waste water to cool our machinery. This saves us around 100 m3 of water every day – enough to fill 15 Olympic swimming pools a year!”

“In five to 10 years the laws in Bangladesh will change – everyone will have to reuse their waste water. Working with IKEA has put us ahead of the crowd, and our customers are noticing the difference,” he says.
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
WASTE
Keeping waste out of our landfills
By sorting our various waste streams diligently for reuse, recycling, and energy recovery, IKEA Canada continues to work towards its long-term goal of zero waste to landfill. In 2012, we reached 81%, and we're aiming for 90% by 2015. You can help IKEA meet these goals by doing your part to put wastes in the right bins, and together we can make a difference!
We strive for zero waste to landfill wherever possible in our store and other IKEA operations.
A recycling waste station in an IKEA store
In-store recycling station
Giving cardboard & paper another life
Do you know what happens to the cardboard and paper that IKEA Canada recycles? All of the recycled fibre is used to make the napkins, paper towels and bathroom tissue that are found in our stores, which are 100% recycled content! That's one way we're getting more out of our natural resources.

Learn more about the environmental benefits
Customer recycling station at an IKEA store
DID YOU KNOW?
In 2014 89% of our waste was recycled across our operations
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
FOOD
Food you can feel good about
We serve and sell food to 261 million customers a year through our store restaurants and Swedish Food Markets. Our approach includes using more sustainable and organic ingredients – which includes purchasing ingredients that have been certified to recognized standards and applying animal welfare standards.
A UTZ-certified farmer checks a coffee plant
All coffee sold and served at IKEA has been UTZ Certified since 2008.
WE ARE COMMITTED TO SOURCING FOOD IN A RESPONSIBLE WAY
The new IKEA children’s organic menu items
More organic choices than ever
You’ll always be able to find organic food in our Swedish Food Market, where we offer around 15 organic products. Also, we always provide one organic menu option in our restaurants, including a new children’s organic meal.
A bag of UTZ certified coffee beans
Proudly serving UTZ Certified foods
UTZ Certified is an independent organization that recognizes coffee, tea and chocolate that have been grown sustainably, and is one of the leading sustainability standards for these foods.

Visit the UTZ website to learn more
Fresh salmon on a bed of ice
Responsibly sourced seafood
All wild-caught seafood must come from MSC (Marine Stewardship Council) certified fisheries or appear in the WWF Seafood Guide as species that come from healthy and well-managed populations.

Visit the WWF website to download a Seafood Guide
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