ENERGY & RESOURCES

We’re creating positive changes

A close-up of hands picking cotton.
For a long time we have been making more from less; it’s part of our heritage. We’re also busy turning waste into resources, sourcing food and materials in a responsible way and protecting natural resources. And because we want to become energy independent, we’re making the switch to renewable energy.
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
CLIMATE & ENERGY
To change everything, we need everyone
Tackling what has now become one of humanity’s biggest challenges is something we can all commit to – making sure that our children and their children will have a safe and prosperous future on this planet.
Get a brief history of climate change and learn what we all can do to take action.
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Support a 100 %
clean energy future
momentforaction.org/100percent
Investing in renewable energy
Urgent action is needed to tackle climate change, which is why the IKEA Group is committed to producing as much renewable energy as it consumes in its operations by 2020.
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Did you know IKEA Group will produce as much renewable energy as it consumes in its operations by 2020?
€2.1 billion for investment in wind and solar

Since 2009, IKEA Group has invested EUR 1.5 billion in renewable energy and has committed to invest another EUR 600 million. We have committed to own and operate 327 offsite wind turbines and have installed 700,000 solar panels on IKEA buildings.
We believe renewable energy is the power of the future

To help tackle dimate change, we want our operations to become energy independent. One of our goals is to produce as much renewable energy as we consume by 2020. We have already installed over 700.000 solar panels on our stores and buildings across the world, and we want to give our customers the same possibility for their homes.
We know our customers want to live more sustainably at home, and we also know our customers would like to cut their household electricity bills and generate clean energy.
We’re on a journey and are now expanding our solar offer beyond the UK, Netherlands and Swizerland over the next years.
Did you know solar panels can cut electricity bills by up to 50%?
We’ve gone all in with LED
Did you know LED uses up to 85% less energy than incandescent bulbs and last up to 20 years?
Did you know
LED uses up to
85% less energy
than incandescent bulbs and last up to 20 years?
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
Wood
We’re big fans of wood
We love wood because it’s durable, renewable and recyclable. As one of the largest users of wood in the retail sector, we always look for ways to use it wisely. Watch our films to learn about the work we do to protect and conserve this precious resource.
Download the overview of how we are becoming Forest Positive 2020
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Becoming Forest Positive
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Listen to Steve Howard, Chief Sustainability Officer at IKEA Group discuss the goal of becoming ”forest positive” by 2020.
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See how forestry specialist Egle Petrylaite works closely with our suppliers to make sure wood is sourced responsibly.
Four people in the woods going through an IWAY quality checklist
Clear standards for responsible forestry
Our IWAY Forestry Standard sets clear requirements for all wood used in IKEA products. This includes a ban on wood that has been illegally harvested from sources involved in forest-related social conflicts, or from High Conservation Value Forests. All suppliers must comply with the standard before they can start deliveries. We improve our relationships with suppliers with certification audits to check compliance. Download our IWAY Forestry Standard to learn more (PDF)
 WWF Map that shows IKEA & WWF collaborations in Lithuania, Ukraine, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Romania, Bulgaria, Russia, China and Laos
Lithuania
Ukraine
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Romania
Bulgaria
Russia
China
Laos
Vietnam
Cambodia
Certifying forests together with WWF
We work with WWF and others to combat illegal logging and promote responsible timber trade. IKEA and WWF have worked together since 2002 to support credible forest certification. The work includes mapping and protecting High Conservation Value Forests to secure biological and social forest values. So far, we have helped to improve forest management in Europe and Asia, and contributed to increasing FSC® certified forest areas by around 35 million hectares (about the size of Germany) in the countries where we work together. Visit the WWF site to learn more about our partnership
Making things right when things go wrong
Several years ago we discovered tropical hardwood fibres in some of our paper products. This is not in line with our standards. After a full investigation, we improved our internal procedures to make sure this couldn’t happen again.
Preventing the use of illegally logged walnut
Our forestry experts detected illegal logging of walnut in China about five years ago. So, we stopped using this wood in our products. As a result, the MOLGER bathroom series is now made of birch from certified forests.
Learn more about how we work with forestry
In addition to suppliers meeting our IWAY Forestry Standard, the volume of wood from more sustainable sources – recycled wood and wood from forests certified by the FSC® – increased to 50% in 2015. We are aiming for 100% by 2020. Visit the FSC® website to learn more about this effort
Reports & Downloads
Download The IWAY Forestry and Forest Stewardship Council® Standards (PDF)Download the Sustainability Strategy, People & Planet Positive (PDF)
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
COTTON
We´re all-in for cotton from
more sustainable sources
Since Sep 1 2015, all the cotton we use for IKEA products comes from more sustainable sources. This means that the cotton is either recycled, or grown with less water, chemical fertiliser and pesticide, while increasing profit margins for farmers.
We’re proud about our progress, but our journey to improve the cotton industry doesn’t end here. Through projects in our sourcing countries, we aim to further improve farmers’ profitability and reduce the environmental impact of cotton farming. By sharing our experiences with the wider industry, our long-term goal is to transform the entire cotton market.
Cotton farmer, standing in a cotton field, carrying cotton balls on his head.
A baby wrapped in a white/beige baby towel with a hood, sitting in her mothers knee.
Why more sustainable cotton matters
Cotton is one of our most important raw materials. You’ll find it in many IKEA products, from sofas and cushions to bed sheets and mattresses. Although we love working with cotton, we were uncomfortable with the fact that growing cotton in the conventional way is often harmful to the environment and the people involved.
When grown conventionally, cotton farming uses large amounts of chemicals and water. This practice often leads to significant health risks to farmers, soil erosion and water scarcity. It also leads to higher costs, and since most cotton is grown on small farms in developing countries, many farmers struggle to make a profit.
So, we decided to find a way to tackle these challenges and made a commitment to improve the cotton industry.
Taking action to transform the cotton industry
Over a decade ago, IKEA began taking steps to transform the way cotton is produced. Along with WWF and others, we helped set up the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI), which aims to make global cotton production better for the people who produce it, better for the environment it grows in and better for the sector’s future by developing Better Cotton as a sustainable mainstream commodity.
Since 2005, we have been working with WWF to make cotton farming more sustainable. Our work began with 500 farmers in Pakistan. In the beginning they were reluctant about the idea of changing their cultivation techniques. However after one year, the results were significant enough to inspire more farmers to join our projects in India and Pakistan.
Through hands-on training and field schools, together with our partners we have helped around 110,000 farmers learn more sustainable farming methods. This initiative has enabled farmers to cut costs, increase their profits and improve their working conditions. As a result, they can afford a better quality of life for their families, including schooling for their children. We are continuing our work in this field and are hoping to see an industry-wide change in the future.
Find out more about how we work with our Code of conduct IWAY to secure e.g working conditions and minimum requirements for environment at our suppliers.
Cotton farmers kneeling down in a cotton field inspecting the soil.
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Making a lasting impact
We’re pleased to have reached our 100% target, but we won’t stop there. IKEA is committed to creating positive change throughout the entire cotton industry. Our vision is that more sustainable cotton becomes a mainstream material - affordable and accessible to many people beyond our business. We are pleased to have reached this milestone, but we’re not stopping there. One of our main focus areas now is water.
Of the total cotton we use in IKEA products, 18% is recycled cotton, 69% Better Cotton and the remaining “towards better cotton” (on its way to become Better Cotton), and other more sustainable cotton. In 2016, we used more than 131 000 MT of cotton.
Cotton from more sustainable sources
Of the total cotton we use in IKEA products, 18% is recycled cotton. The remaining 82% comes from these sources: Better Cotton: 69%, towards better cotton*, and other more sustainable cotton, such as the E3 program in the US: 13%.
In calendar year 2016, we used more than 131 000 MT of cotton.
* Towards better cotton is a standard developed by IKEA following the same principles and criteria as Better Cotton, on its way to become Better Cotton.
IKEA is committed to using water as efficiently as possible. Based on the WWF’s water stewardship model, we are reducing the impact of our own operations and our suppliers’ operation, supporting sustainable water management, cotton production included.
Becoming water positive
We at IKEA are committed to being water positive, using it as efficiently as possible and promoting water stewardship throughout and beyond our own sphere of operations and on into the wider world. Based on the WWF’s water stewardship model, we are working to reduce the impact of our own operations and our suppliers’ operation, supporting sustainable water management in river basins and increasing people’s access to clean water. And our work to become water positive focuses on cotton, because cotton is one of the most high-impact crops when it comes to water. We provide farmers with training on better water management practices, and establish community-based Water User Associations. This means farmers grow with less water, so more water can be diverted to other uses.
Learn more about how we work with cotton and our partnerships
Since Sep 1, 2015, all the cotton we use for IKEA products comes from more sustainable sources. This means that the cotton is grown with less water, chemical fertiliser and pesticide, while increasing profit margins for farmers.
Reports & Downloads
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
Clean, fresh water pouring over hands
WATER
Treating water with respect
Water is essential for life – but clean, fresh water is something of a luxury in some parts of the world. That is why water, both when it comes to quantity and quality, is an important issue for us and our suppliers. We work with others to contribute to improved water management in water stressed areas where we operate – to ensure that there is enough clean water for ecosystems, people and communities.
Working together to save water and energy in India
For some factories in Southern India, the only way to get enough water is by trucking it 50 km. Outdated machinery and a polluted water supply often make production even less energy and water efficient. Jansons, a textiles supplier based in Erode, southern India, was inspired by the IKEA People & Planet Positive strategy and started a partnership project to tackle the problem. Measures taken included a system to recycle wastewater for printing, a new dyeing process that uses less water and ensuring motors are only running when needed.

“Our processing factory is in an area of water and energy scarcity, which was a nightmare for us,” says Mr Thirukumar, Managing Director of Jansons Industries. “With support from IKEA, we saw the difference the project was making and we were motivated to look for more opportunities. With the commitment of our employees, so far we have saved over 285 MWh of energy, and 69 million litres of water.”
Water treatment facility at an IKEA supplier factory in Bangladesh
Water
Thinking ahead: how to save water for the future
Over 23 million people in Bangladesh don’t have safe drinking water.

“I don’t want my children and grandchildren to be part of that statistic. I want to make sure my company doesn’t do anything that leaves future generations in trouble,” says Shah S Alam, managing director of Unilliance, an IKEA textiles supplier based in Bangladesh. He’s played an important role in the water projects IKEA has initiated at the company, and he’s pushing Unilliance to take part in even more ambitious projects to save water.
“When we started working with IKEA, we already had an effluent treatment plant to remove pollutants from our waste water before it returned to the environment. But IKEA suggested that we think of ways to reduce and reuse this waste water.

“For example, after some simple changes we now use waste water to cool our machinery. This saves us around 100 m3 of water every day – enough to fill 15 Olympic swimming pools a year!”

“In five to 10 years the laws in Bangladesh will change – everyone will have to reuse their waste water. Working with IKEA has put us ahead of the crowd, and our customers are noticing the difference,” he says.
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | VALUE, NOT WASTE | FOOD
Mouth-blown glass vases on a windowsill, made of melted glass in various marble shades from leftover glass remnants.
VALUE, NOT WASTE
Thinking in circles
At IKEA, we always look for ways to make more from less. But to help our customers create a better life at home, in a world where resources are scarce, we have to up our game. We need to rethink everything from the materials we use, to how we power our stores, and how we can make our products live longer in a cycle of repair, reuse, and recycling.
Throughout our value chain, we aim to use renewable and recycled resources as efficiently as possible, to make sure that we create value rather than waste. And when you bring the products home, we want to help you make them live longer, or give them a new life when you no longer need them.
Three coffee tables in ash veneer with solid birch legs. One large and two smaller that fits underneath.
Display of colourful boxes in different sizes made of recycled paper.
Doing things right from the start
To make the world a more sustainable place we have to begin somewhere. By planning for our products’ next life at the design stage, we get a head start. To make more from less, we also use materials that are renewable and recycled and from more sustainable sources. Our products must last as long as they are needed and be easy to care for, repair, reuse, reassemble, and recycle. The better we do this, the better for our customers and our planet.
An image showing the REINSVOLL wardrobe doors, made of recycled wood and plastic foil from recycled PET bottles, in a bedroom setting.
Old materials, new surfaces. Call us cheap, but we don’t like throwing things away. We see waste for what it really is – a resource – and look for ways to use more recycled materials in our products. That’s why we created the REINSVOLL wardrobe door. It’s made of recycled wood covered with plastic foil made from recycled PET bottles. No new wood needed, and no new plastic made from oil. And although REINSVOLL is a sustainable choice, of course it doesn’t compromise on quality, design or price.
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Pioneering kitchen fronts. REINSVOLL isn’t our first product made entirely from 100% recycled FSC(R) certified wood and PET-bottles. The KUNGSBACKA kitchen fronts, with their sleek design and anti-fingerprint surface, have the same origin.
Every year, about 100 billion PET water bottles are used worldwide but only 30% are recycled. By giving them a new life as foil for doors and kitchen fronts, we show that recycling is not only the right thing to do, it also results in beautiful new products.
Close-up of the all-round ISTAD re-sealable bags, now made from bioplastic that is both renewable and recyclable.
Can 1,4 billion re-sealable plastic bags make a difference? We hope so, as we proudly present our first ever large-scale bioplastic product. It’s the all-round plastic bag ISTAD that is now made mostly of a renewable material from the sugarcane industry. The shift is expected to save about 75 000 barrels of oil yearly and will significantly reduce CO2 emissions.
And, although bioplastic costs more to produce than conventional plastic, it won’t show on the price tag. At IKEA we believe that everyone, not just a few, should be able to afford making sustainable choices.
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“It’s mind-blowing to see how we use everything from the sugarcanes, there is no waste”
Minh Nguyen Hoang, Category Manager Plastic Products, IKEA of Sweden.
Being made from sugarcanes, the bioplastic in ISTAD is both renewable
and recyclable.
Close-up of white recycled PET plastic boxes in different sizes, stacked on top of each other.
No ordinary box. One person’s trash is another person’s treasure.
To us, the practical storage box KUGGIS, made from recycled PET plastic bottles,
is one of those gems. Flexible, good looking and recyclable, it will be your best friend for storage – over and over again.
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Did you know?
Bioplastic is a material made from a renewable feedstock such as agricultural products and by-products. It can also be made from other renewable carbon sources, like biogas.
Changing to bioplastic is a move towards our goal to only use renewable or recycled plastic in our home furnishing products, and to contribute to a transformation of the plastic industry.
A display of waste sorting bins in different sizes and shapes for recycling paper, bottles, batteries and so on.
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Did you know?
By 2020, 90% of the waste
from our own operations will be recycled or energy recovered.
80% of the waste from our stores and distribution centers will be material recycled.
Towards zero waste
At IKEA Group we have decided to eliminate waste from all our operations and to be energy independent by 2020. This is no small feat, but together with suppliers, partners and customers we have the goal within reach.
IKEA of Sweden is also working through the whole supply chain with suppliers and partners to produce and distribute our products in the most efficient way. This includes minimizing waste in our value chain, and turning it into a resource by using it to make new products.
Read more about our investments in renewable energy here
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Did you know?
In 2016, 89% of waste is recycled or energy recovered across our operations.
Two mouth-blown glass vases on a windowsill, both made of melted glass in various marble shades from leftover glass remnants.
The beauty of broken glass. The glass used to produce the IKEA PS 2017 vase has a story to tell. Having been rejected in its first life due to bubbles or other defects,
the broken glass is re-melted and mouth blown by skilled craftsmen into mass-produced items. Yet the character of each piece of glass lives on, bringing
a unique mix of colours and patterns to each vase. By re-using the glass instead of discarding it as waste, we save on valuable and limited resources, while bringing
extra character to your home.
A stool with a pile of rag-rugs made with leftover fabric from bedlinen.
Step on it. TÅNUM is hand-made, giving each rug its own individual beauty. And even better – we use recycled cotton from our own operations to make it. More than 90% of the material used is leftover fabric from bed linen production. When you step on a TÅNUM rug you leave a smaller environmental footprint.
A person sorting recycled textiles.
Give things another chance
At IKEA we want our customers to love and care for our products as long as possible – and even if they don’t, we do. Across our network of stores we try smarter and more planet-friendly ways to prolong the life of our products. In Belgium for example, we offer our customers five options to give furniture a second life: selling old IKEA-furniture in the store, renewing it by repainting or reassembling, repairing by offering replacement parts, returning old furniture through our transport service and donating to social organisations.
On a global basis we offer all customers replacement parts, and most markets have mattress takeback initiatives where you can return your old mattress when buying a new one. Seize the opportunity to breathe new life into your old furniture or give it a new life in our care.
ENERGY & RESOURCES: CLIMATE & ENERGY | WOOD | COTTON | WATER | WASTE | FOOD
Food you can feel good about
We want to offer food that’s delicious, sustainable and nutritionally balanced. That’s why we include a variety of more sustainable options at our IKEA Restaurants and IKEA Swedish Food Markets. We’re always carefully selecting ingredients that have been certified to meet standards of environmental and social responsibility, while also adding new products to our range that are healthier/ support a healthier lifestyle. And we are also working hard to minimise the amount of food waste in our stores.
A black and white photo of a man standing on a fishing boat with a mountain in the background.
Responsibly sourced seafood
Healthy and tasty fish make for healthy and happy customers. That’s why IKEA was part of a dialogue with global environmental experts to develop responsible salmon farming standards that are better for the fish and for the environment. All IKEA salmon comes from farms that are certified to the Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) standards.
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Responsible sourcing helps keep the ocean stocked
Today, 90% of the world’s fish stocks are fully exploited or over exploited
– by sourcing responsibly we can ensure fish stocks won’t decline further.
Making pearls from seaweed
Seaweed pearls are an environmentally friendly product, being made from kelp that’s available in the ocean. And kelp is a sustainable plant form too, growing at a rate of up to 50 cm per day. Our seaweed pearls are a great vegan caviar substitute, and don’t contribute to the depletion of fish stocks, as no fish eggs are taken as raw materials.
Close-up of a small glass jar filled with red seaweed pearls.
Seafood you and your grandchildren can enjoy
All wild-caught fish and shrimps served and sold at IKEA come from fisheries which are independently certified to Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) standards. When you enjoy MSC certified seafood you can be sure you are supporting sustainable fishing and protecting seafood supplies for generations to come.
Find out how good SJÖRAPPORT series tastes here
A mix of fish, shrimps and ice, seen from above.
Jacqueline Macalister, responsible for Health and Sustainability at IKEA Food.
“Building on UTZ we also wanted our beans to be organically grown,
meaning without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides”
Close-up of hands picking coffee cherries from a plant.
A coffee plant has to grow around 3 years until coffee cherries can be harvested.
Help coffee growers give you better coffee
IKEA coffee beans come from family farms and small-scale cooperatives in countries like Honduras, Mexico, and Peru. The coffee is both UTZ certified and organically grown according to EU standards without the use of chemicals and pesticides. UTZ works to improve a number of areas for farmers, including growing methods. This helps to lower costs and increase crop quality and yields, which improves the livelihoods of farmers. Workers earn a living wage and farmers get a fairer share of the profits. It means their children can go to school and have time for play too.
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You like the coffee, so meet the growers
You get great coffee, and the growers get a living wage
All coffee sold and served at IKEA has been UTZ certified since 2008. The certification was a positive step towards better coffee, ensuring sustainable farming standards, fair conditions and traceability back to the plantation. But it was just the beginning of the journey to create truly sustainable and delicious beans. Now, the coffee beans are organic too.

“Building on UTZ we also wanted our beans to be organically grown, meaning without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides” - Jacqueline Macalister, responsible for Health and Sustainability at IKEA Food. “This means healthier soils and less impact on the climate. Also, farmers are paid more for organic crops. That way they improve their livelihood while at the same time they’re safeguarding the environment.”
Get a cup of coffee from the PÅTÅR series
Close-up of a sack filled with coffee beans.
Something for everybody
We serve over 100 million cups of coffee per year at IKEA, with tastes to please everyone from espresso enthusiasts to cappucino lovers. And with special offers for IKEA FAMILY members too. Get coffee packages with things like whole beans for espresso or dark roast filter coffee to take home from our IKEA Swedish Food Market.
Enjoy our delicious and sustainably sourced PÅTÅR coffee range
Hands holding a cup of coffee. Did you know that the best water temperature for brewing coffee is between 92°C and 96°C?
The best water temperature for brewing coffee is between 92°C to 96°C.
PÅTÅR special edition is a single-origin high-quality 100% Arabica coffee from the White Nile region in Uganda. It’s a fresh and fruity medium roast with hints of vanilla and caramel.
PÅTÅR special edition:
A single-origin high-quality 100% Arabica coffee from Uganda
Uganda is the biggest coffee exporting country in Africa, yet the average size of a coffee farm is less than 0,25 hectares – just a quarter the size of a football field. It’s not easy to run a profitable farm with such small resources. To help support economic independence of farmers, as well as more sustainable farming practices, IKEA has teamed up with a regional coffee project. As a result, we’re now introducing our first ever single-origin coffee to the IKEA Swedish Food Market: 100% Arabica beans from the White Nile region. A special coffee with a unique taste, created in cooperation with thousands of small scale farmers.
Learn more about the special PÅTÅR coffee and our work with Social Entrepreneurs
PÅTÅR special edition is a high-quality fresh and fruity medium roast, with subtle hints of vanilla and caramel.
Organic and UTZ is a good combination
All the coffee that we serve and sell in the IKEA Swedish Food Market, IKEA Bistro and the IKEA Restaurant is both EU organic and UTZ certified. The tasty beans meet strict, independent requirements to ensure sustainable farming standards and fair conditions for workers. You can even trace the origin of the coffee that you buy, at utz.org/ikea
Coffee beans on a grey plate shown together with green leaves, seen from above.
Chocolate you can feel good about eating
The cocoa in IKEA labelled chocolate bars meets strict, independent requirements to ensure sustainable farming standards and fair conditions for workers. Just look out for the UTZ Certified label in our Swedish Food Market. To trace the origin of the cocoa in your UTZ certified chocolate bar, visit utzcertified.org/ikea
Cocoa fruit and beans on a black plate shown together with green leaves, seen from above.
Enjoy veggies in a tasty ball
The development of a vegetable ball was driven by the fact that IKEA, as a responsible business, wanted to develop the food range to contain more sustainable products. Our vegetable balls are packed with fresh ingredients, such as chickpeas, green peas, carrots, bell peppers, corn and kale. You’ll enjoy a nutritious meal that is full of protein and nutrients. Plus, they come with a lower carbon footprint. All in all, they’re a delicious alternative to our iconic meatballs.
Get some veggies in your life and start healthy living
Fried vegetable balls in a frying pan made of cast iron, seen from above.
We’ve picked some great organic options for you
You can always find organic food at our Swedish Food Market, like lingonberry jam, coffee and cookies. We also offer at least one organic meal on the menu at our restaurants, as well as an organic children’s meal.
Red lingonberries in a black bowl with lingonberry twigs on the side, seen from above.A brown paper bag filled with food waste, seen from above.
Moving towards zero waste
At IKEA, we think food should not be wasted, which is why we decided to work toward big goals: By the end of August 2020, we aim to halve food waste at IKEA. And further, 90% of all food waste should be recycled or turned into a resource such as compost or biogas.
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